Adi Drishya Department
Documentation, Research, Dissemination and Conservation

Home > Rock Art > Achievements


  1. Multidisciplinary Field Documentation of rock art sites has been initiated in the states of Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Assam, Rajasthan, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala. In Eastern India, the work has been completed in the state of Odisha and in South India, the work has been completed in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Up till now a huge database of photographs, audio-videos, slides, line drawing and GPS data has been compiled.

  2. Under IGNCA Rock Art Publication Series, so far, the following volumes have been published: Rock Art in the Old World edited by Michael Lorblanchet (1990); Deer in Rock Art of India and Europe by Giacamo Camuri, Angelo Fossati and Yasodhar Mathpal (1993); Rock Art in Kumaon Himalaya by Yashodhar Mathpal (1995); Rock Art in Kerala by Yashodhar Mathpal (1998); Conservation of Rock Art edited by Bansi Lal Malla (1999); Global Rock Art edited by Bansi Lal Malla and V. H. Sonawane (2012); Rock Art of Andhra Pradesh: A New Synthesis by N. Chandramouli, General Editor Bansi Lal Malla (2012); The World of Rock Art: An Overview of Five Continents edited by Bansi Lal Malla (2012); Rock Art: A Catalogue (Exhibition on Rock Art, 2012) edited by S. S. Biswas; Understanding Rock Art in Context (Brochure of International Conference on Rock Art 2012) by Bansi Lal Malla; Rock Art Studies: Concept, Methodology, Context, Documentation and Conservation, Vol. I and Rock Art Studies: Interpretation through Multidisciplinary Approaches, Vol. II edited by Bansi Lal Malla (2014); Rock Art of India: Suitable Dating Techniques edited by Bansi Lal Malla (2016); Glimpses of India-China Rock Art by Bansi Lal Malla (2016); Understanding Rock Art of India and China (Brochure of International Workshop on India-China Rock Art 2016) edited by Bansi Lal Malla; Silent Rock’s An Eloquent Testimony: Rock Art Heritage of Odisha by S. Pradhan (2016), General Editor Bansi Lal Malla; Cultural Ecology: Prehistory and Ethno-Archaeological Context of Indian Rock Art with Emphasis on North-Eastern States edited by Bansi Lal Malla and Dwipen Bezbaruah (2017) and a booklet on V. S. Wakankar: A Versatile Genius (First Dr. V. S. Wakankar Memorial lecture) by G. B. Deglurkar, edited by Bansi Lal Malla (2017). The publications: Rock Art of Rajasthan (Hindi); Proceedings of India-China Rock art workshop (2016); Proceedings of the National Seminar on Prehistory and Ethno-archaeological Background of Rock Art with Emphasis on Assam and Adjoining States and Inventory of Indian Rock Art are in the pipeline. A CD on Rock art of India and 3 DVDs based on IGNCA’s field documentations (Rock Art of Jharkhand; Rock Art of Ladakh (J&K) and Pan India Rock Art) have also been prepared.

  3. Three international conferences (1993, 2012 & 2016) and five national seminars (1991, 1996, 2004, 2016 and 2017) have been conducted on the subject. An international conference on Global Rock Art was held at IGNCA in (1993) in which experts and scholars from various parts of the world participated. The conference was significant as it highlighted the importance of Rock Art study and allied subjects. The International Conference o n Rock Art in 2012 was conceived with special attention to the inter-disciplinary methodology which can open new horizons to the study of Rock Art. The deliberations in the conference sessions were around the themes: Concept and Methodology; Forms, Content, Context; Interpreting Rock Art; Documentation and Conservation. In 2016 an international workshop was organized during the India-China Rock Art exhibition at IGNCA in which several delegates and scholars from both India and China participated. The workshop primarily highlighted the research and documentation carried out so far in both these countries in the field of rock art.

  4. A special lecture series on World Rock Art was conducted in 2012 which emphasized on the global scenario of the rock art and provided an overall status of rock art research in different continents of the world with rock art concentration. These lectures were delivered by internationally renowned scholars in the field of rock art like Prof. Emmanual Anati, Prof. V. H. Sonawane, Prof. R. G. Bednarik, Prof. Lowrance Leondrof and Dr. K. K. Chakravarty. Another series of special lectures by Dr. Somnath Chakraverty and Dr. Dwipen Bezbaruah at Guwahti, Dr. Devananada Beura and Prof. Jagannath Dash at Bhubaneswar, Prof. K. Rajan and Dr. Chandramouli at Pondicherry and Prof. A. Sundara and Prof. Ravi Korisettar at Bangalore, Prof. R. K. Varma and J. N. Pal at Varanasi were delivered in 2013. Other than these, four special lectures were delivered by the Indian delegation viz., Prof. V. H. Sonawane, Dr. Sadasiba Pradhan, Dr. Bansi Lal Malla and Dr. R. C. Agrawal at Yinchuan, China in 2014. Two special lectures were also delivered by Dr. M. G. S. Narayanan and Prof. K. Krishnan at Thirpunithara, Kerala in 2014. Another special lecture was delivered by Prof. K. Rajan at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu and two special lectures were delivered by Dr. Narayan Vyas and Dr. Prabash Sahu at Nagpur, Maharashtra in 2015. In 2016, three special lectures were delivered by Chinese scholars at the India–China Rock art Workshop-cum-Exhibition which emphasized on the recent research and development in the field of rock art in China. These lectures were delivered by renowned Chinese scholars like Prof. Yasha Zhang, Zhao Pingchun and Wei Jian. Two special lectures were delivered by Prof. D. P. Tiwari and Dr. C. M. Nautiyal’ at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (2016). Two special lectures were delivered by Dr. O. C Handa and Dr. Hari Chauhan at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh (2016). Three special lectures were delivered by Dr. Paru Bal Sidhu, Dr. Mukesh Singh and Dr. Renu Thakur respectively at Chandigarh, Punjab (2016). In 2017, a special lecture was delivered by Dr. Rahman Ali at Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Dr. Bansi Lal Malla delivered two special lectures at Jiayuguan and Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou of Gansu Province of China.

  5. Review Meeting of the State Coordinators and Multidisciplinary Team Members of IGNCA Rock Art Project held on 5th and 6th March, 2009 at IGNCA.

  6. Four international exhibitions on rock art: 1. 'Deer in Rock Art of India and Europe' was held in 1993; 2. World Rock Art Exhibition in 2012. This exhibition not only tried to address the chronology/periodisation of rock art, but also to highlighted the regional variations in rock art depictions. The main focus of the exhibition was on the social patterns and lifestyle of the Early Man. The exhibition had two separate divisions, one on Rock Art of India and the other was on the Rock Art of the World. The Indian rock art section showcasing the rock art heritage of India was mainly based on the documentation and acquisition by IGNCA. 3. An exhibition on Indian Rock Art held in The World of Rock Art Museum, Yinchuan, China (26th August, 2014 - 30th September, 2015) that mainly focused on Indian Rock Art. 4. India-China Rock Art Exhibition was held at IGNCA from 24th February - 27th March, 2016. The Exhibition mainly gave a glimpse of Indian and Chinese rock art and also showcased art forms of three Indian tribes, namely; Lanjia-Saoras, Warli and Rathwa.

  7. Mobile exhibitions were organised in different parts of the country: at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (5th - 28th March, 2013); Guwahati, Assam (12th April- 3rd May, 2013); Bhubaneswar, Odisha (18th May - 23rd June, 2013); Puducherry (25th July - 25th August, 2013); Bangalore, Karnataka (3rd December, 2013 - 3rd Janauary, 2014); Tripunithura, Kerala (28th November – 28th December, 2014); Thanjavur, Tamilnadu (6th May - 5th June, 2015); Nagpur, Maharashtra (19th November - 31st December, 2015); Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (26th April- 24th May, 2016); Shimla, Himachal Pradesh (15th June - 24th July 2016); Chandigarh (10th August - 24th September 2016) and Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (17th February - 31st March 2017). The mobile exhibitions will be hosted in other states of India also.

  8. A workshop on Rock Art was held in 2012. The Rock Art scholars and Community Artists from Saura (Odisha), Warli (Maharashtra) and Rathwa (Gujarat) tribes, demonstrated replication of Rock Art in the workshop to create general awareness and to show the continuity of the artistic traditions in Indian context. The techniques and tools used for making engravings and the materials used for paintings were also demonstrated. The children/students were allowed to have firsthand experience of the prehistoric tools. They were encouraged to draw and paint this art form in the workshop. In year 2013, the orientation workshop held at Guwahati, Pondicherry and Uttar Pradesh, whereas the workshop for school children was also organized at Odisha, Pondicherry, Bengaluru (2013), Tripunithra (2013), Thanjavur and Nagpur (2015). Apart from these, an orientation workshop on Rock Art at Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow was organized in 2014. Awareness Programmes at Assam (2014), Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh (2015) and Children workshop at Regional Science City at Lucknow (2016) were held. An orientation workshop for multidisciplinary team members was held at Nagpur (2016). Children workshops for school children were also held at Shimla and Chandigarh (2016), and Bhopal (2017). The Orientation Workshops, Children Workshops and Community Awareness Campaigns would be organized in other parts of the country also.

  9. V. S. Wakankar Memorial Lecture: The first Dr. V. S. Wakankar Memorial Lecture was organized on 3rd April, 2017 at IGNCA, New Delhi. The lecture titled ‘Vishnu Shridhar Wakankar: A Versatile Genius’ was delivered by Dr. G. B. Deglurkar, Former President, Deccan College, Deemed University, Pune.



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