In the course of history certain regions/areas have developed into cultural centres attracting people from all parts of India. They have places of convergence and radiation, where centrifugal and centripetal forces have been evident. They have served as centre place, provided space and motivated mobility and interaction. Often a temple, or a mosque, is the physical or notional centre. So far they have been studied either from the point of view of chronology, history, religion or economics as a linear phenomenon, or a totality from which emanates a multiplicity of creative artistic activity.
The Kshetra Sampada envisages therefore a study not only of a specific place or a temple and its units but its impact on the culture of the people surrounding it, the entire interlocking of the devotions, artistic, geographic, social and economic aspects of a particular centre, and what factors act as its renewals and continuity. Two regions were identified for research: they are Vraja in northern and Tanjavur in southern India.