and Bio-data of Participants
of Aqeedat in Sufism as Shown through the Sufi Musical Poetics of
Medieval Indian Poets
Aqeedat is Persianised Indo-Islamic connotation to denote sufistic love and devotion to one’s spiritual master.........the foundation or base of the entire sufistic edifice. The concept is as old as the tradition itself. The concept shows and establishes the tradition of relation between spiritual master
(peer) and the Murid or the pupil initiated in this tradition through show of devotion, though one or the other form of music which may vary from place to place and from culture to culture, but the idea is to show and present devotion to one’s master. The tradition is so magnificent and strong that it had acquired the importance as the corner stone of Sufi tradition.
Sama has got the part and parcel of the Sufi tradition. The Sufi master carries the legacy of this master and before his departure from this materials world he hands over this rein of spirituality to someone able and chosen
Murid.......who had till then shown the very aqeedat to the master by performances in the form of
sama or singing the praises to his master. Aqeedat shown in such fashion is extremely popular which may be in the form of
Sufiyana ghazals, qasseda, munaqbat, qauwwali and similar other kind of music. Music brings ecstasy to the minds of the spiritual masters and it is considered one way closer to the creator or his spiritual master.....in total contrast to the fact that the orthodox Islam doesn’t permit
sama. It has come to be one form of workshop also. That establishes communication between the “seeker” and the “sought after”. Throughout the historical period we have numerous examples of such devotional songs composed and performed and in this regard the name of Amir Khusro stands out whose
aqeedat shown to his spiritual master Sheikh Nizamuddin Aulia. This paper is an attempt in this regard of understanding the concept in entirety with Amir Khusro as of one the best example of this unique spiritual musical practitioner as part of his spiritual quest.
M.WASEEM RAJA Lecturer at the Centre of Advanced study in Medieval History in Aligarh Museum University with specialization in history of West and Central Asia and Modern World History; he has participated in many National Conferences and Seminars and published several papers.
Centre of Advanced Study in Medieval History
Department of History
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh – 202 002